Unit 8: Dr Jekyll and Dr Hyde
Presenter: Hello, and welcome to The Book Programme. I’d like to start by telling you something that happened last night. As I was going to bed, I saw that my son’s bedroom light was still on. I knocked on the door and went in. My son was reading in bed. I complained that it was rather late and that it was time for him to go to sleep. I said he would be tired the next day. My son explained that his book was exciting and he wouldn’t be able to sleep until he’d finished it. When I asked him what he was reading, he said, ‘Treasure Island’- probably the most popular book by the writer we’re looking at today: Robert Louis Stevenson. My guest is Sally Spencer, who’s writing a biography of Stevenson. Sally – could you tell us about Stevenson’s life?
Sally Spencer: Certainly. It’s not surprising that your son enjoyed Treasure Island. It was written in 1883 and has been a bestseller ever since. The author, Robert Louis Stevenson, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1850. As a child, he had health problems and spent a lot of time in bed. In 1867, he went to Edinburgh University to study engineering. However, he was more interested in literature. Stevenson soon told his father he wanted to be a writer.
Presenter: What did his father think about that?
Sally Spencer: He was disappointed as he wanted his son to have a respectable profession. He wanted him to be an engineer like him. But he said his son could be a writer if that was what he wanted.
Presenter: Did he start writing immediately?
Sally Spencer: No, he didn’t. In 1873, he was very ill and his doctor told him he should go abroad to recuperate. That’s why he went to the south of France, where he started to write essays, reviews and short stories.
Presenter: When did he start writing novels?
Sally Spencer: Well, he wrote his best works, including Treasure Island, Kidnapped and Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde between 1880 and 1887.
Presenter: Was he living in Britain during this time?
Sally Spencer: Yes. He lived in Britain until 1887, when his father died. Later, Stevenson and his wife sailed to the South Seas and visited the island of Samoa. The climate there was good for Stevenson’s health and they liked it so much that they decided to live there permanently.
Presenter: Did he ever go back to Scotland?
Sally Spencer: No, he didn’t. He stayed in Samoa and continued writing until he died in 1894.
Presenter: Thank you, Sally. I must admit, I found Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde even more exciting than Treasure Island. When my son reads them both, I’ll ask him if he agrees.
Reading: Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde takes place in London in the nineteenth century. Dr Henry Jekyll, a respected scientist, is doing research into human nature. He believes that human beings have a good and evil side and that these sides are always in conflict. Dr Jekyll’s colleagues disagree with his ideas and disapprove of his research. So Dr Jekyll starts doing secret experiments on himself to prove his ideas. He takes special medicine, which changes not only his character, but also his appearance. For a short time after he takes the medicine, he becomes Mr Hyde, an evil man who looks frightening, has a violent personality and commits terrible crimes.
Later, friends think something strange is happening when Dr Jekyll rewrites his will, leaving everything to Mr Hyde, a man they do not know. They worry more when the police start asking questions about Mr Hyde. Who is this stranger who is never seen at the same time as Dr Jekyll? They think that Dr Jekyll may be protecting Hyde from the police, or that Hyde is blackmailing Dr Jekyll.
Dr Jekyll has now proved that human nature is both good and evil, but soon he starts to enjoy being Mr Hyde. He changes into Mr Hyde more often and finds it more difficult to change back into Mr Jekyll.
Eventually Dr Jekyll changes into Mr Hyde without taking any medicine and finds he cannot change back again. This means that he cannot leave his house, because someone might see him and he might be arrested. The story ends badly for “both” characters.
admit يعترف / يقر blackmail يبتز / ابتزاز
biography سيرة حياة شخص colleague زميل عمل
knock يطرق / طرقة commit يرتكب
permanently بصفة دائمة crime جريمة
profession مهنة human nature الطبيعة البشرية
recuperate يتعافى / يستجم in conflict فى حالة صراع
respectable محترم personality شخصية
appearance مظهر will وصية / ارادة
illness مرض disagreement خلاف / عدم اتفاق
injury اصابة legal شرعى
socially اجتماعيا document وثيقة / مستند
acceptable مقبول human beings البشر
morally أخلاقيا the evil side الجانب الشرير
complain يشكو the good side الجانب الخير
complaint شكوى violent عنيف
guess يخمن violence العنف
guest ضيف eventually فى النهاية
best-seller كتاب يحقق أعلى نسبة مبيعات recognize يتعرف على
disappointed محبط demand يطلب / طلب
immediately فى الحال criminal مجرم / اجرامى
relaxing مريح friendly ودود
honest أمين helpful متعاون / مفيد
honesty الأمانة match يلائم (المقاس)
changing room حجرة تغيير الملابس trust ثقة / يثق
appointment موعد directions اتجاهات
threaten يهدد control يتحكم فى
illegal غير شرعى a fortnight أسبوعان
behaviour سلوك personally شخصيا
faults أخطاء swimming pool حمام سباحة
qualities صفات treasure كنز
character شخصية essay مقال
title عنوان serious crime جريمة خطيرة
entitled بعنوان specifically على وجه التحديد
property ملكية review مقال نقدي / عرض (كتاب / فيلم)
strange غريب target هدف
stranger شخص غريب explain يشرح / يفسر
presenter مقدم برامج explanation شرح / تفسير
medical profession مهنة الطب patience الصبر
modernize يحدث (يجعله حديثا) rate معدل / نسبة
consumption الاستهلاك food security الامن الغذائى
cultivable land أرض صالحة للزراعة invade يغزو
Prepositions, Idioms & Expressions
attract attention يجذب الانتباه tell secrets يفشى الأسرار
get better يتحسن do research into / on يجرى أبحاث على
associate … with يربط ... بـ disapprove of لا يوافق على
The light is on النور مضاء approve of يوافق على / يستحسن
The light is off النور غير مضاء do experiments on يجرى تجارب على
go to sleep يذهب للنوم believe in يؤمن بـ
knock on (at) the door يطرق على الباب kind to عطوف على
go in يدخل look your best تبدو فى أجمل صورة
live on the island يعيش على الجزيرة take place يحدث
belong to يخص / ينتمىالى make medicine يعمل دواء
go back to يعود الى take medicine يأخذ دواء
under control تحت السيطرة come shopping يأتىللتسوق
have interest in لديه اهتمام بـ try out يقيس (ملابس)
behave towards يتصرف نحو be committed to يكون ملتزما بـ
worn out مرهق in different directions فى اتجاهات مختلفة
Antonyms كلمات و عكسها
Word الكلمة Antonym العكس
honest أمين dishonest غير أمين
friendly ودود unfriendly غير ودود
helpful متعاون helpless غير نافع
admit يقبل / يقر / يعترف deny ينكر
permanent دائم temporary مؤقت
evil شرير good خير
approve يوافق / يستحسن disapprove لا يوافق
respect احترام disrespect عدم احترام
natural طبيعى artificial صناعى
Verb فعل Noun اسم Adjective صفة Adverb ظرف
recuperate يستجم recuperation استجمام
سيرة حياة شخص biographical
متعلق بسيرة شخص
admit يعترف / يقر admissionاعتراف / قبول
respect يحترم respect احترام respected محترم
profession مهنة professional
permanent دائم permanently
Admit يعترف / يقر agree or say that something is true, although you do not want to
biography كتاب سيرة شخص a book about a person's life
Knock يطرق hit a door with your hand in order to attract someone's attention
Permanently بشكل دائم for all future time, or for a very long time
Profession مهنة a job that needs special education and training
Recuperate يستجم to spend time getting better after an illness, injury, etc.
جدير بالاحترام behaving in a way that people think is socially acceptable or morally right
Appearance مظهر The way someone looks to other people
Blackmail يبتز to make someone pay you money or do what you want by threatening to tell secrets about them
Colleague زميل A person you work with
Commit a crime
يرتكب جريمة do something illegal
الطبيعة الشرية behaviour, faults qualities. etc. that are typical of ordinary people
فى حالة صراع a situation of disagreement or fighting between people or groups or ideas
Personality شخصية someone's character, especially the way they behave towards other people
Will وصية a legal document in which you say who you want to give your money and property to after you die
work عمل / مكان العمل ( اسم لا يعد و لا يسبقها أداة )
job وظيفة / عمل (اسم يعد و يجمع و تشير الى عمل منتظم لكسب المال)
profession مهنة أو عمل يتطلب قدرا كبيرا من التدريب والتعليم مثل الطب والمحاماة والتدريس
career المستقبل الوظيفي / الفترة التي يقضيها الشخص في وظيفة معينة
Ex: It takes a lot of work to build a house.
Mr. Mark leaves work at two o’clock every day.
It’s very difficult to find a job at the moment
He left the teaching profession to set up his own business.
He has a long career in journalism. الصحافة
biography سيرة حياة شخص (بقلم شخص آخر)
autobiography سيرة ذاتية (بقلم الشخص نفسه)
Ex: He wrote a biography of William Shakespeare.
The TV series “Al Ayam” was based on the autobiography of Taha Hussein.
respected يحظى بالاحترام و الاعجاب بسبب عمله أو انجازاته
Respectable محترم (يتصرف بطريقة مقبولة اجتماعيا و أخلاقيا)
Respectful يظهر الاحترام لـ
Ex: Dr Magdi Yacoub is a respected heart surgeon.
She is a respectable young woman from a good family
We should be respectful towards elderly people.
human بشرى / انسانى humane عطوف
Ex: The human body is composed of about 60% water.
The humane way of dealing with a suffering animal is to kill it quickly.
special خاص (يتميز عن غيره)
private خاص (يمتلكه أو يستخدمه شخص أو مجموعة)
Ex: special occasion مناسبة / train / clothes / care رعاية / friend
private car / school / letter / life / hospital / visit
admit + v. + ing يعترف / يقر / يقبل admit + جملة يعترف / يقر / يقبل
Ex: They admitted stealing the money.
They admitted that they had stolen the money.
suggest + v. + ing يقترح suggest + فاعل + مصدر / should + مصدر يقترح
Ex: Tom suggested going to the club.
Tom suggested we go to the club.
Tom suggested we should go to the club.
would rather + مصدر يفضل Would prefer + to + مصدر يفضل
Ex: I’d rather have dinner now.
I’d prefer to have dinner now.
would rather + مصدر …………… than + مصدر يفضل ...... على
would rather + مصدر / اسم …………… than + اسم يفضل ...... على
Ex: I’d rather go to the cinema than watch TV.
I’d rather have coffee than tea.
prefer + v. + ing / اسم ………… to + v. + ing / اسم يفضل ...... على
(would) prefer + to + مصدر ………… rather than + مصدر يفضل ...... على
Ex: I prefer driving to traveling by train.
I prefer tea to coffee.
I prefer to drive rather than travel by train.
It’s time + to + مصدر لقد حان وقت
It’s time for + اسم لقد حان وقت
It’s time + فاعل + ماضى بسيط لقد حان وقت
Ex: It’s time to go to school.
It’s time for school.
It’s time we went to school.
make + مفعول + مصدر يجعل / يجبر
Ex: The medicine made him do terrible things.
@ Choose the correct answer:
1- My brother went on holiday to Aswan. Now he's decided to live there (strangely-permanently-suddenly-particularly).
2- I thought the test would be easy, but I must (admit-speak-deny-disapprove) that I'm finding it quite difficult.
3- Someone (hit-broke-knocked-called) on our door late last night, but I didn't open it.
4- All my friends come from very (respect-respecting-respectable-respective) families.
5- My grandfather is (recreating-recuperating-regarding-recalling) at the moment after a long illness.
6- I'm reading a new (biology-autobiography-biography-geography) of William Shakespeare. He had a very interesting life.
7- Ali wasn't badly injured in the accident, but his (recuperation-health-cover-recreation) took longer than we thought.
8- I've worked in a lot of different places. Now I'd like a more (permanent-auxiliary-temporary-partial) job.
9- You can find (geographical-chemical-biographical-biological) information about many writers on the internet.
10- Doctors and nurses belong to the medical (work-job-career-profession).
11- When he said he was sorry, it was (a denial-an admission-a disagreement-an entrance) that he was wrong.
12- I (agree-disapprove-except-respect) people who are honest and do hard work.
13- If you are a doctor, it's very important to behave (professionally-artificially-strangely-profession) towards your patients.
14- She has a very nice (person-personality-personal-personally). She's kind to everyone she meets.
15- People who (commit-make-play-take) serious crimes should be sent to prison.
16- He left everything to his son in his (well-shell-willing-will).
17- When my brother started his new job, all his (people-colleagues-workers-relatives) were friendly and helpful.
18- If you are going to a job interview, your (appearance-acquaintance-allowance-audience) is important. You must look your best.
19- Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (takes-makes-does-acts) place in London.
20- Dr Jekyll was (taking-making-doing-acting) research into human nature.
21- He (did-planned-made-gave) a special medicine for himself.
22- When he (gave-did-put-took) the medicine, he changed into Mr Hyde.
23- The medicine (made-took-had-acted) him do terrible things.
24- Human beings have a good and an evil side that are always in (fight-war-quarrel-conflict).
25- They used the photographs to (blackmail-blackjack-blacksmith-blacken) her into spying for them.
26- It's only human (conflict-life-will-nature) to want the best for your children.
27- I hadn't seen her for 20 years, but I (recognized-knew-understood-noticed) her immediately.
28- (Person-Personally-Personality-Personnel), I think the show is going to be a great success.
29- Scientists are (doing-getting-taking-working) experiments to test the new drug.
30- Would you like to come (shop-to shop-shopping-to shopping) with me?
31- He believes (at-in-with-of) saying what he thinks.
32- We were deeply (disappoint-disappointing-disappointed-appointed) about the result.
33- Although she had been ill for a long time, it still came as a shock when she (actually-eventually-eventual-usually) died.
34- How about (go-going-went-to go) to the swimming pool?
35- It seems that the disease is now (under-over-below-beneath) control.
36- If you are going to a job interview, you must look your (good-better-well-best).
37- I’d rather (have-had-having-has) orange juice.
38- He prefers watching rugby (than-rather than-to-more than) playing it.
39- I've always had an (interest-interesting-interested-interestingly) in astronomy.
40- Some parents don’t (prove-improve-approve-agree) of their children watching a lot of television.
41- James Bond novels have been best (seller-sell-sale-sales) since they were first written.
42- She suggested (go-going-to go-went) for a swim.
43- For homework the teacher asked us to write an (easy-essay-escape-east) on endangered species.
44- The critic wrote a wonderful (view-review-preview-idea) of the new film for the newspapers.
45- Thank you for all your help. You’ve been very (kind-cruel-criminal-rude) to me.
46- You shouldn't take what doesn't belong (at-with-from-to) you.
47- All I want is a (relax-relaxing-relaxed-relaxation) holiday on an island.
48- He is a bad man who looks frightening and is a (violent-kind-good-lovely) criminal.
49- The two sides of our personality sometimes pull us in different (instructions-directions-constructions-destructions).
50- I’d (rather-prefer-like-hate) stay at home.
@ Find the mistakes in each of the following sentences then write it correctly:
1- One of the boys admitted break the window.
2- You can't change humane nature.
3- He was sent to prison for a crime that he didn't connect.
4- Confession is a job that needs special education and training.
5- There's someone kicking on the door.
6- She spent a month in the country recreating from the operation.
7- The businessman left his secretary some money in his well.
8- At first he denied stealing the money but he later committed it.
9- It’s time we go home.
10- I’d rather doing my homework.
11- He is a middle-aged man of smart appear.
12- I think next time we need any decorating we'll get it done professional.
13- We're entertaining some colleges of Ali's tonight.
14- Michael and his family have settled permanent in the States.
15- She has a very nice person. Everyone likes her.
16- I don’t approve about people who cheat.
@ Translate into English:
1- We all have a good and an evil side. These two sides of our personality sometimes pull us in different directions because they are always in conflict. Therefore we have to control our behaviour.
2- Production must go side by side with consumption. We have to modernize our means of production to face the rapid growth of population. The number of people increases every day, so production must increase at the same rate.
@ Translate into English:
1- تبذل الحكومة قصارى جهدها لتوفير الأمن الغذائى لكل مواطن.
2- ان غزو الصحراء و تحويلها الى أراضى صالحة للزراعة ضرورى لزيادة الانتاج.
Making Suggestions Responding to suggestions
How about + v + ing..? ما رأيك فى ..... ؟ I'd go along with that. أوافق على ذلك
What about + v + ing..? ما رأيك فى ..... ؟ That's a good idea. يا لها من فكرة جيدة
Shall we + مصدر ? I'm not sure about that.لست متأكدا من ذلك
Why don't we / you / they..? لما لا .... ؟ Personally, I'd prefer.. شخصيا أفضل
I'd say ………….. أود أن أقول Sorry, I don't agree. اسف. لا أوافق
Let's say ………... دعنا نقول That's what I think هذا هو ما أفكر فيه
We could ……….... من الممكن أن ..... I agree. أوافق
That sounds fine. هذا يبدو رائعا
1-A: How often do you think we should go shopping?
B: How about once a month?
A: Personally, I'd prefer once a week.
2-A: How many people should we invite to the party?
B: I'd say ten at the most.
A: I'd go along with that.
3-A: When would you like to go?
B: What about early evening?
A: That's a good idea.
4-A: What kinds of books should we read?
B: Let's say any kind of fiction.
A: I'm not sure about that. I don't want to read science fiction books.
@ Respond to each of the following situations:
1- A friend asks you how often you think you should go shopping.
2- A friend asks how many people you should invite you your birthday party.
3- A friend suggests reading any kind of fiction. You don’t agree.
4- You suggest traveling in the early morning.
5- A friend suggests going to the club once a month, but you prefer going once a week.
Direct & Indirect Speech
الكلام المباشر و الكلام غير المباشر
هناك طريقتين لاخبار شخص بما فعله شخص اخر و هما:
1- Direct speech: الكلام المباشر
فى الكلام المباشر نقدم الكلمات الفعلية التى قيلت و توضع بين علامتى التنصيص كما يلى
- Nabila: What did Ahmed say?
Ali : He said, "I want to be a doctor."
2- Reported speech: الكلام غير المباشر
و هو الكلام المنقول و فيه نغير الكلمات التى قيلت لتتناسب مع الجملة و هناك بعض القواعد التى يجب اتباعها مثل الآزمنة و الضمائر
- Nabila: What did Ahmed say?
Ali : He said that he wanted to be a doctor.