Celebrate يحتفل to do something special because it is a special occasion, or because something good has happened
drum (n) طبلة a round musical instrument which you play by hitting it with your hand or a stick
Fireworks ألعاب نارية small objects that explode or bum with a coloured light, used for celebrating special events
Landmark مًعلًم هام something that helps you recognise where you are, such as a famous building
Mark (v) يُمثل / يحتفل بـ يكون إيذانا ببدء to show that something is happening, especially an important event or change
Position (n) وضع / مكان مكانة / وظيفة / مركز the place where someone or something is in relation to other things
Procession موكب a line of people or vehicles moving slowly as part of a ceremony
Distinctive مُمًيًز وواضح showing a person or thing to be different from others
Event حدث (هام) something that happens, especially something important, interesting or unusual•
Evolve يتطور to develop or make something develop gradually
موسيقي وأغاني شعبية traditional and typical of the ordinary people who live in a particular area
Responsibility مسئولية if something is your responsibility, it is your duty to make sure that it is done
Vary يتنوع if things of the same type vary, they are all different from each other
landmark معلم هام landscape
Ex: The Sphinx and Taj Mahal are famous landmarks in Egypt and India.
The landscape along the banks of the Nile is very beautiful.
Musician موسيقار / عازف موسيقى composer ملحن
Ex: He is a talented young musician.
My favourite composer is Beethoven.
snow الثلج (قطرات الماء المتجمدة التي تسقط من السماء)
ice الثلج أو الجليد (الماء عندما يتجمد ويصبح ثلجا)
Ex: Outside the snow began to fall.
Would you like ice in your juice?
differ from يختلف عن
differ about / on / over يختلف بشأن
differentiate between … and … يميز الفرق / يبين الاختلاف
differentiate … from … يميز الفرق / يبين الاختلاف
Ex: People differ from one another in their ability to handle stress.
The two lawyers differed about how to present the case.
It's important to differentiate between fact and opinion.
Its unusual nesting habits differentiate this bird from others.
keen on + v. + ing مولع بـ / مغرم بـ
Ex: I'm not keen on going to the cinema.
unlike على العكس من
Ex: Unlike his father, he doesn’t like music.
Expressing likes Expressing dislikes
I'm a big fan of … I'm not keen on …
I prefer … I don't enjoy …
I quite like … I dislike …
I love … I can't stand …
I'm mad / crazy about … I hate / detest …
Respond to the following situations:
1- A friend would like to find out what music you like. What do you say?
2- You ask a friend what sort of music you enjoy.
3- You want to find out if your friend plays a musical instrument.
4- A friend asks you whether there is any sort of music you don't like.
Translate into Arabic:
1- In Egypt the celebration of the spring-time harvest festival was dedicated to Min, their god of vegetation and fertility. The festival featured a parade in which the Pharaoh took part. After the parade a great feast was held. Music, dancing, and sports were also part of the celebration.
2- Stress can be a friend or an enemy. It can warn you that you are under too much pressure and you should change your way of life. It can kill you if you don’t notice the warning signals. Doctors agree that stress is the biggest single cause of illness in the western world.
Translate into English:
1- إن مشكلة الانفجار السكانى هى اخطر مشكلة تواجه العلماء فى الوقت الحالى.
2- إن انتشار استخدام أجهزة الكمبيوتر فى المدارس و المنازل و المصالح الحكومية سيكون له أثره العظيم فى تقدم مصر.
Choose the correct answer:
1- (Landmarks-Drums-Celebrations-Fireworks) are small objects that explode or bum with a coloured light, used for celebrating special events.
2- A (position-state-job-post) is the place where someone or something is in relation to other things.
3- A (position-procession-landmark-stop) is a line of people or vehicles moving slowly as part of a ceremony
4- Jack and Lilly (calculated-cancelled-celebrated-captured) their 50th anniversary with a large anniversary party for all their family and friends.
5- A (drum-violin-piano-guitar) is a round musical instrument, which you play by hitting it with your hand or a stick.
6- A (landmark-landfill-landlady-landscape) is something that helps you recognize where you are, such as a famous building.
7- (Landmarks-Drums-Celebrations-Fireworks) can be very dangerous, so they shouldn't be given to young children.
8- We scored a goal because the other team's goalkeeper was in the wrong (position-procession-landmark-mark).
9- The Eiffel Tower in Paris is one of the world's most famous (landmines-landmarks-marks-landslides).
10- Forty members of our family got together to (revive-vary-celebrate-join) my grandfather's birthday.
11- If you hit them hard, (drums-violins-pianos-guitars) make a very loud noise.
12- A (process-project-procession-person) of about twenty thousand people moved slowly towards the king's palace.
13- Young people are (irresponsible-responsible-desirable-admirable) for protecting their country's folk music.
14- It is (advisable-desirable-admirable-irresponsible) to drive dangerously especially in towns or cities.
15- The (evolution-evaluation-resolution-distribution) of the internet has taken place over the last twenty years.
16- Our local university offers a (varied-variety-various-variable) of language courses.
17- You can buy this shirt in (various-variation-difference-changeable) colours.
18- I don't understand the (plan-suggestion-distinction-direction) between who and which.
19- Farmers are expecting to have a good (news-bread-harvest-grains) this year.
20- There are (sculptures-fireworks-celebrations-processions) of kings and queens in the temples of Luxor.
21- An interesting winter (deliberation-determination-celebrate-celebration) is the Sapporo Festival in Japan.
22- The funeral (queue-caravan-procession-row) made its way down the hill to the cemetery.
23- Sham El-Nessim is a day which (manors-celebrates-marks-serves) the beginning of Spring.
24- Food is gathered in from the fields during the (production-consumption-harvest-planting).
25- The Chinese bang (gums-pianos-guitars-drums) on New Year’s Day to frighten evil spirits.
26- This year's Olympic Games will be the biggest ever sporting (accident-incident-story-event).
27- In England, at harvest festival, people give vegetables, fruit and flowers (off-up-in-out) to the poor.
28- Pop music is a style of music that is (favourable-popular-public-common) with teenagers. المراهقين
29- She is very keen (in-on-of-about) swimming.
30- Over the years, most folk music have been made up to get (through-into-up-out of) their work.
31- Dress sizes (change-differ-diverge-range) from petite to extra large.
32- Western classical music is still enjoyed today by audiences from different (authorities-powers-cultures-worlds).
33- New Year (communications-celebrations-confessions-depressions) in Scotland go on for three days.
34- Van Gogh, perhaps Holland's most (calculated-cancelled-celebrated-captured) artist, died in poverty.
35- He became a sporting (celebrity-ability-activity-capability) after winning the gold medal.
36- A (dreamer-hammer-mourner-drummer) is someone who plays drums.
37- The object you hit a drum with is called a (drumbeat-drum machine-drum set-drumstick).
38- If things of the same type (agree-vary-meet-demand), they are all different from each other
39- If something is your (responsibility-rapidity-reliability-relativity), it is your duty to make sure that it is done.
40- (Yolk-Folk-Walk-Chalk) means traditional and typical of the ordinary people who live in a particular area.
41- To (revolve-involve-revolt-evolve) means to develop or make something develop gradually.
42- The concert was a charitable (accident-condition-event-revenge) to collect money for the poor.
43- The guitar is a musical (machine-device-instrument-technique).
44- Whatever you think of Eliot's poetry, it's certainly (distinctive-addictive-additive-attentive).
45- It was highly (irresistible-irritable-repairable-irresponsible) of him to leave the children on their own in the pool.
46- The Chinese New Year (festival-capital-classical-funeral) takes place between the 21st of January and the 19th of February.
47- Folk music usually develops in (international-global-coastal-local) communities.
48- Folk music is a particular (style-function-bunch-quantity) of music that uses different instruments.
49- If you want to be a poet, you must (dissolve-revolve-solve-evolve) your own style of writing.
50- Some (celebrations-celebrated-celebrities-celebrates) were interviewed on TV last night.
Find the mistake in each of the following sentences then write them correctly:
1- Fireplces were set off in the sky on the occasion of the Victory Day.
2- After the celebrate, the crowd went home.
3- Magdy drummer up support for the charity by talking to a lot of people.
4- There is often no distinct difference between identical twins
5- Although it is difficult, you need to make the distinct between the two.
6- The sound variation with how the strings of an instrument are touched.
7- What an event day that was! I got a job and met my future fiancée.
8- Nothing happened today. It was completely eventful.
9- You are not very responsibility if you leave your clothes thrown about.
10- The teachers spent the afternoon marketing the exam papers.
11- Snow and ice sculptures are famous landmines in Sapporo in Japan.
12- In the past, most people born and lived their lives in one small area.
13- In the past, music was indivisible, not influenced by music from other areas.
14- Folk music uses different musical installments.
15- Most folk music has a special propose.
16- Composers are skilled in playing music, usually as a job.
17- Today, we can listen to music from other captures around the world.
18- Mothers sometimes use folk songs to sink their babies to sleep.
19- It is our immobility to do everything we can to protect the traditional music of our country.
20- His views different considerably from those of his parents.
أفعال يأتي بعدها to + inf.
agree يوافق try يحاول
arrange يرتب threaten يهدد
decide يقرر want يريد
expect يتوقع refuse يرفض
hope يأمل deserve يستحق
learn يتعلم prepare يستعد
offer يعرض pretend يتظاهر
plan يخطط manage يتمكن
promise يعد wish يرغب
Ex: Everyone agreed to meet at the airport.
The boys have arranged to play football after school.
Ali has decided to study science at university.
I expect to finish my homework later this evening.
They hope to get a job they enjoy doing.
I learnt to swim when I was three years old.
She offered to help her mother prepare lunch.
What do you plan to do in the summer?
Leila promised to phone her mother as soon as she got to school.
I've tried to read that book, but I don't understand it.
Do you want to come to my party?
أفعال يأتي بعدها فعل مضاف له ing
admit يعترف involve يتضمن
avoid يتجنب consider يفكر في
dislike يكره put off يؤجل
enjoy يستمتع delay يؤخر
finish ينهي postpone يؤجل
practise يمارس include يشمل
suggest يقترح can't help لا يستطيع أن يمنع نفسه من
risk يخاطر fancy يتخيل
deny ينكر imagine يتخيل
Ex: He admitted borrowing my pen without asking me.
The driver of the car avoided hitting the motorbike.
He dislikes sleeping during the day.
The children enjoyed playing in the sea.
They are going home as soon as they have finished working.
Musicians practise playing their instruments for many hours a day.
My friend suggested going for a picnic on the beach.
أفعال يأتي بعدها to + inf. أو فعل مضاف له ing بدون اختلاف في المعني
hate يكره like يحب
love يحب prefer يفضل
Ex: I hate to get / getting water in my eyes.
I like to do / doing exercise every day.
She loves to cook / cooking for her family.
He prefers to fly / flying to Europe.
إذا استخدمنا would قبل الأفعال السابقة فانه يأتي بعدها to + inf.
Ex: I'd like to finish my work early today.
I'd prefer to drink coffee.
I’d love to go for a swim this evening.
أفعال يأتي بعدها to + inf. أو فعل مضاف له ing مع وجود اختلاف في المعني
stop يتوقف forget ينسى
remember يتذكر regret يأسف /يندم
remember + to + مصدر : يتذكر أن يقوم بعمل شئ ما
- He remembered to see the man.
= He remembered, and then saw the man.
remember + v. + ing: يقوم بعمل شئ ثم يتذكر أنه فعله
- He remembered seeing the man.
= he saw the man, and later he remembered.
forget + to + مصدر : ينسى أن يفعل شيئا
- Nadia forgot to meet the customer.
= She didn't meet the customer.
forget + v. + ing : يفعل شئ ثم ينسى أنه فعله
- Nadia forgot meeting the customer.
= She met the customer but then couldn't remember the occasion.
regret + to + مصدر : يشعر بالأسف لأنه من الضرورى أن يفعل شيئا
- He regretted to say that my brother had an accident.
= He was sorry that it was necessary to say it.
regret + v. + ing : يشعر بالأسف لأنه فعل شيئا
- He regretted saying that my brother had an accident.
= He was sorry that he had said it.