Unit 17:Steinbeck: The Pearl
Presenter: Good afternoon. The subject of todav's programme is the American writer, John Steinbeck, whose book The Grapes of Wrath was one of the most famous novels of the twentieth century. To tell us more about John Steinbeck, we have in the studio an expert on literature, Dr Helen Carter. Dr Carter, welcome.
Dr Carter: Hello.
Presenter: I wonder if you could start by telling us something about John Steinbeck's childhood and early life
Dr Carter: Certainly. John was born in California in 1902. His ancestors were from Europe: from Germany on his father’s side and Ireland on his mother’s. The name Steinbeck is German.
Presenter: What did his parents do? Were they a poor family?
Dr Carter: No, they weren't. His father was a civil servant and his mother was a teacher. It was his mother who taught John to read and encouraged him to become a writer.
Presenter: What about his education? Did he go to university?
Dr Carter: Yes, he did. After High School, he went to Stanford University to study English, but he left in 1925 without a degree and went to live in New York to try to become a writer.
Presenter: Did he succeed?
Dr Carter: Unfortunately not. His first three novels were not a success. He had to continue working in badly paid jobs. It was not until 1939 that he became famous, when The Grapes of Wrath won an influential prize.
Presenter: Can you explain why this novel was so successful?
Dr Carter: Well, it's a great story. But it was also a novel in which Steinbeck wrote about the lives of poor working Americans during the Great Depression of the 1930s. I think Steinbeck was respected for telling the truth about his country and for forcing people to think about the problems of the country’s poor.
Presenter: So did Steinbeck then become a celebrity?
Dr Carter: No, not at all. He was a very private person who hated publicity.
Presenter: Did he write any other important novels?
Dr Carter: Well, during the Second World War, he worked as a war correspondent for a New York newspaper, but he continued to write. In 1942, he wrote The Moon is Down, about the war in Europe, and in 1947, he wrote The Pearl, a short novel about a Mexican diver. Then in 1952, he wrote East of Eden, which Steinbeck himself thought was his best novel.
Presenter: And did he continue to write?
Dr Carter: Yes, he did, and then in 1962 he won the Nobel prize for literature. He died in 1968.
Presenter: Thank you so much, Dr Carter. That’s all we have time for today.
Dr Carter: Thank you
Reading: The Pearl: A story of greed
Kino, a Mexican pearl diver, and his wife Juana live a happy life until, one morning, their son Coyotito is stung by a scorpion. They take him to the local doctor, but he will not treat the boy because the family is too poor to pay. Juana treats the boy herself. That same day, Kino goes diving and finds an enormous pearl, which means he is now a wealthy man. However, when other people hear about the pearl, they plan to steal it. When the doctor hears about Kino's pearl, he offers to treat Coyotito, even though Juana's treatment has already cured him. That night, someone tries to steal the pearl, so the next day Kino goes into town to sell it. The merchants say the pearl is not very valuable because it is too big. Kino knows this is a trick and so he decides to go to another town to sell the pearl.
Juana tries to persuade Kino to throw it away because she believes it is evil and fears that it will destroy the family, but Kino refuses. He wants it to pay for his son's education.
On their way to the other town, the family are followed by thieves who want the pearl. Juana and Coyotito hide in a mountain cave, but Coyotito cries out. When the thieves hear this noise, they fire their guns at what they think is a wild animal. Kino attacks the thieves, but by now it is too late - Coyotito is dead. Deciding that the pearl is evil, Kino and Juana return to their home town and throw it into the sea.
celebrity شخص مشهور cave كهف
civil servant موظف حكومي greed الجشع
correspondent مراسل scorpion عقرب
depression كساد throw away ( out) يتخلص من شيء برميه
diver غواص stung / stung / stung يُلدغ
force (v) يُجبر / يُرغم treat يُعالج / يُعامل
pearl لؤلؤ merchant تاجر
publicity دعاية / شهرة / شعبية / ذيوع stinging (adj.) لاذع
property ملكية appoint يعين / يحدد (وقت)
a rival firm شركة منافسة civil service خدمة مدنية
sack يفصل / يصرف من الخدمة entertainer مقدم فقرات ترفيهية
employee موظف breathing equipment أجهزة التنفس
fair عادل / سوق / معرض oyster محار
plaque دبوس / بروش nation أمة / شعب
government department ادارة حكومية investment استثمار
attention اهتمام / انتباه shelter ملجأ / ملاذ
The Grapes of Wrath عناقيد الغضب basic needs حاجات أساسية
ancestors أسلاف / أجداد well-being خير / رفاهية
support يؤيد / يدعم / يسند sound صحى
early childhood الطفولة المبكرة waterproof ضد الماء
badly paid jobs وظائف ذات أجور متدنية smart ذكى / أنيق
an influential prize جائزة هامة self-esteem احترام الذات
the great depression الكساد العظيم community جماعة / مجتمع
a private person شخص كتوم أو متحفظ road users مستخدمو الطرق
the twentieth century القرن العشرين pedestrians المشاه
benefits فوائد pedestrian crossing عبور المشاة
private life حياة خاصة repairs ترميمات / اصلاحات
ambition الطموح decoration زخرفة
persuade يقنع shopkeeper صاحب المحل
persuasive مقنع a cave in the mountain كهف في الجبال
influence تأثير / يؤثر على treat an illness يعالج مرض
economy اقتصاد blind to reality غافل عن الحقيقة
necklace قلادة / عقد dive under water يغوص تحت الماء
a wedding present هدية زفاف economic depression كساد اقتصادي
a missing car سيارة مفقودة greedy people ناس جشعون
wealthy man رجل غنى sack employees يفصل العاملين
treatment علاج / معاملة human needs الحاجات الانسانية
cure علاج / يعالج burglary سرقة (مسكن) / سطو
trick يخدع / حيلة burgle يسطو علي (مسكن)
evil شر /شرير burglar لص (مساكن)
fear خوف / يخاف respected محترم
attack يهاجم / هجوم publicize يعلن عن
thieves لصوص decision قرار
a poisonous sting لدغة سامة subject = topic موضوع
scorpion sting لدغة عقرب purchase يشتري
scorpion venom سم العقرب flight attendant مضيفة طيران
creature مخلوق burglar alarm انذار ضد السرقة
curved مقوس poison سم
medical treatment علاج طبى injury جرح / اصابة
familiar مألوف wrath غضب
surroundings محيط / بيئة steal يسرق
rare experience خبرة نادرة mountain cave كهف جبلى
blind أعمى / يعمى painful مؤلم
reality واقع mischief أذى / ضرر
diving الغطس badly paid jobs وظائف ذات مرتبات متدنية
gun بندقية / مسدس living expenses نفقات المعيشة
hide يخفى bring happiness يجلب السعادة
Prepositions, Idioms & Expressions
win a prize for يفوز بجائزة فى a correspondent for مراسل لـ (صحيفة)
interested in مهتم بـ the Nobel prize for literature جائزة نوبل للآداب
do the shopping يتسوق intrude into يتطفل / يدخل عنوة فى
throw … into the sea يرمى ... في البحر get rid of يتخلص من
hide in a cave يختبيء في كهف take away from يسلب من
by mistake عن طريق الخطأ pay off يثمر / ينجح
go diving يذهب للغوص keep …… off يبعد ... عن
go into town يذهب الي المدينة take a pride in يتباهى بـ
pay for يدفع ثمن be stung by a scorpion يُلدغ من عقرب
cry out يصرخ vital for حيوى لـ
fire guns at يطلق النار على greed for money جشع من أجل المال
frightened of خائف من change his mind يغير رأيه
go swimming يذهب للسباحة warn ... of the risks of يحذر ... من مخاطر
take over يستولي علي make … blind to reality يجعل ... أعمى عن الحقيقة
an expert on literature خبير في الأدب give up يستسلم / يقلع عن
tell the truth about يقول الحقيقة by force بالقوة
break out of يهرب من spend … on ينفق ... على
Antonyms كلمات و عكسها
Word الكلمة Antonym العكس
ancestors أسلاف / أجداد descendants أحفاد
publicity دعاية / شهرة / شعبية / ذيوع privacy خصوصية
greedy جشع generous كريم
greed الجشع satisfaction الرضا / القناعة
safety أمان danger / hazard خطر
Verb فعل Noun اسم Adjective صفة
correspond يُراسل correspondent مراسل correspondence المراسلة corresponding
diveيغوص diver غواص
diving الغوص diving
sting يلدغ sting لدغة stinging لاذع / مليء بالنقد
treat يعالج / يعامل treatment علاج / معاملة
publicize يقوم بالدعاية لـ publicity دعاية / شهرة
greed الجشع greedy جشع
depress يجعل السوق كاسدة / يصيب بالاكتئاب depressionكساد / اكتئاب depressive كئيب
Celebrity شخص مشهور A famous person , especially an actor or entertainer.
موظف حكومي Someone who works in the civil service (for a government department).
مراسل Someone whose job is to report news from a distant place or write about a particular subject.
Depression كساد A long period when there is not a lot of business activity.
Diver غواص Someone who swims under water with breathing equipment
Force يُجبر / يُرغم to make someone do something they do not want to do.
Pearl لؤلؤ A valuable small white round object that forms inside an oyster and is used in jewellery.
Publicity دعاية / شهرة
شعبية / ذيوع Attention that someone or something gets from newspapers , TV , etc.
Cave كهف A large natural hole in the side of a cliff or under the ground.
Greed الجشع When you want to have more money , food , power etc than you need.
Scorpion عقرب A creature like a large insect with a curved tail that has a poisonous sting.
يتخلص من شيء برميه To get rid of something that you do not want or need.
Merchant تاجر Someone who buys and sells large quantities of food.
Sting يلدغ If an insect, animal or plant stings you, it hurts you by putting poison into your skin.
Treat يعالج To give someone medical treatment for an illness or injury.
wonder يتساءل wander يتجول
Ex: I wonder if I could borrow your bike.
They spent the morning wandering around the old part of the city.
valuable قيم valuables أشياء قيمة
Ex: He was able to provide the police with some valuable information.
They locked their valuables in the hotel safe.
treat يعالج / يعامل cure يشفى (مريض / من مرض)
Ex: He is being treated for a rare skin disease.
It's wrong to treat animals as if they had no feelings.
At one time the doctors couldn't cure people of some diseases.
teach / taught / taught يعلم learn يتعلم
Ex: My father taught me how to ride a bike.
She's very keen to learn about Japanese culture.
accept يقبل expect يتوقع expect ماعدا
Ex: He accepted an invitation to the opening-night party.
He didn't expect to see me.
The museum is open daily except Monday.
instead of + v. + ing / noun بدلا من
Ex: Instead of doing his homework, he watched television.
You can use milk instead of cream in this recipe.
لاحظ استخدام التعبيرات الآتية مع فعل tell
tell a story يروى قصة - tell the truth يقول الحقيقة - tell a lie / lies يكذب
tell a joke يروي نكتة - tell a joke يروي نكتة - tell fortunes يتنبأ بما سيحدث
tell a secret يُفشي سر - tell the time يبين الوقت - tell the difference يبين الاختلاف
Ex: He is an honest man. He always tells the truth.
He told us a story about a greedy man.
be careful with + noun يكون حريصا على be careful to + inf. يكون حذرا
be careful about (of) + what / how / when / v. + ing يكون حريصا بخصوص
Ex: His mother had always been careful with money.
He was careful to keep out of sight.
I'm very careful about washing my hands before eating
You must be careful when handling chemicals.
Are you sure you can't lend him the money? Sorry, I really need it
Can't I persuade you to stay with the company? No, I'm sorry. I've already found a new job.
I really think you should get more sleep. Yes, you are right. I've been working so hard recently.
Why don't you see a doctor? I'll do that.
Please, come to my party at the weekend. I'm sure you'll enjoy it. I'd like to come, but I need to ask my parents first.
Surely the best thing to do is to look for another job. Yes, I agree with you.
Respond to the following situations:
1- A friend asks you what you think about Shakespeare’s "Hamlet".
2- Your friend doesn’t understand what he has to do for homework. You persuade him to ask his teacher.
3- You want to persuade your friend to read "The Bothers Karamazov".
4- Your friend persuades you to think again about going to Cairo University. You tell him you’ve made your decision.
Choose the correct answer:
1- Instead of (finish-finishing-finished-have finished) his degree, he went to New York to become a writer.
2- In 1939, Steinbeck (beat-won-earned-awarded) a prize for his novel “The Grapes of Wrath”.
3- If people have smart houses, they will take pride in their (surround-surrounding-surrounded-surroundings).
4- Money can make you (blind-dead-deaf-dumb) to reality and cause more problems.
5- Today's newspaper has a very interesting report from one of their (correspondents-celebrities-soldiers-forces) in India.
6- My grandmother's beautiful (steel-stone-pearl-bronze) necklace was a wedding present from her uncle. It cost him a lot of money.
7- Police are looking for the missing car. (Drivers-Sailors-Dancers-Divers) have been searching the river all day.
8- A well-known TV (celebrate-celebration-celebrity-celebrated) is opening a new supermarket in our town tomorrow.
9- People lost their jobs and businesses closed during that year's terrible (depression-debate-decrease-impression).
10- I'd like to help my country by working as a civil (service-server-serve-servant).
11- Being (sung-rung-stung-drunk) by an insect is very painful.
12- That shopkeeper is always great to (do-make-take-work) business with.
13- My friend (stopped-prevented-persuaded-made) me to go swimming, even though I felt ill.
14- You should be careful when you (drive-live-dive-dip) into water if you don't know how deep it is.
15- Although people are frightened of them, (scorpions-dogs-flies-cats) don't kill many human beings.
16- I threw (out-away-at-into) the newspaper this morning. I didn't know you hadn't read it.
17- With a little (persuade-persuasion-persuasive-passive), he has agreed to meet tomorrow evening.
18- My sister can be very (persuade-persuasion-persuasive-passive). She usually gets what she wants.
19- Don't be so (aggressive-cruel-sleepy-greedy). You've eaten enough.
20- What's the best (treaty-treat-treatment-heal) for a headache?
21- They gave a (stinging-sting-stung-ringing) report about the company's problems.
22- When he fell off the ladder, he (cried-cheered-shouted-laughed) out in pain.
23- A (cottage-tunnel-cave-hut) is a large natural hole in the side of a cliff or under the ground.
24- A (greedy-speedy-thirsty-hungry) man usually wants to have more money, food, power etc than he needs.
25- The news of his failure (depresses-depressed-depressing-depression) his family.
26- A (scorpion-fly-scar-star) has a poisonous sting.
27- A (diamond-stone-pearl-necklace) is a valuable small white round object that forms inside an oyster and is used in jewellery.
28- People who work in government offices are (civil servants-celebrities-scorpions divers) because they work for us.
29- I shouldn't have (thrown-done-brought-taken) away the receipt. I need it to return this shirt.
30- His mother has advised him to be careful (at-of-to-with) his money.
31- Doctors are (greeting-heating-treating-beating) him for cancer.
32- After this accident, the government couldn’t (persuade-congratulate-concentrate-compensate) people that nuclear power stations are safe.
33- He noticed she was wearing a string of (rocks-dust-pearls-peels) about her neck.
34- Dr Carter is an expert (of-by-about-on) literature.
35- They (destroyed-smashed-broke-brought) out of prison and fled the country.
36- (Destiny-Drought-Depression-Progress) is a long period when there is not a lot of business activity.
37- A strong storm (forced-treated-made-attacked) the fishermen to sail home.
38- There has been a lot of (depression-greed-celebrity-publicity) about the new film: newspaper and magazine stories, TV and radio advertisements.
39- If you want people to buy your book, make sure it is (publicized-generalized-socialized-specialized) in all the major newspapers.
40- A scorpion’s (string-spring-sting-sink) can be extremely painful.
41- Rania has been (happy-pleased-delighted-depressed) because she failed a test.
42- Jock and his wife have taken up (dive-diving-diver-driver), and they love it.
43- They had to think of a (stick-speck-trick-truck) to get past the guards.
44- My pen friend (correspondence-corresponding-correspondent-correspond) has built up. Now I write to six different people.
45- Nothing would satisfy her greed (to-for-with-of) money.
46- I'll report you to the police if I catch you (robbing-stealing-taking-getting) again.
47- The doctor managed to (heal-treat-cure-stop) him of his fever.
48- The army (fired-tired-stood-stopped) missiles صواريخ at the enemy.
49- The officer ordered the soldiers to (attract-attach-attack-tie) the enemy.
50- We all admire him because he (says-speaks-tells-talks) the truth.
Find the mistake in each of the following sentences then write them correctly:
1- That old chair should be flown away.
2- A driver is someone who swims under water with breathing equipment.
3- A celebration is a famous person, especially an actor or entertainer.
4- A representative reports news or write about a particular subject.
5- We make business with a number of Italian companies.
6- The submarine drove just in time to avoid the enemy attack.
7- Doctors are trying out a new heal for depression.
8- He gave a sponging report about the company’s problems.
9- After he had been beaten by the scorpion, he was carried to hospital.
10- He went driving and found an enormous pearl.
11- When other people heard about the valuable peel, they planned to steal it.
12- Being poor does not always solve people's problems.
13- My parents learned me that honesty was always the best policy.
14- A marcher someone who buys and sells large quantities of food.
15- Being stung by a scorpion is very pleasant
16- He was busy, but he didn't need much persuade to come to the beach with us.
17- Peace can’t be achieved by farce.
18- He takes great proud in his children's achievements.
19- She was attached while walking home late at night.
20- He didn't really lose his wallet - that's just a track.
Translate into Arabic:
1- Shelter is a basic need for good health. If people have smart houses, their self-esteem will be increased. They will take pride in their surroundings and look after them better.
2- Being wealthy does not solve people’s problems. It could make your life unhappier. Money can make you blind to reality and cause more problems than it solves.
Translate into English:
1- الأطفال هم مستقبل الأمةو لذلك يجب العناية بهم.
2- ان الطمع يمكن أن يدمر حياة الناس.
Verb + Object + to + inf.
Advise ينصح Ali’s father advised his son to work harder.
Allow يسمح لـ He allowed me to use his computer.
Ask يطلب من The teacher asked Hany to read his essay to the class.
Choose يختار They chose him to do the job.
Encourageيشجع My mother always encourages me to bring friends home.
Expectيتوقع من What do you expect me to do?
Forceيجبر The bad weather forced people to stay at home all day.
Forgetينسى Don’t forget to send me a postcard when you’re on holiday.
Helpيساعد Can you help me to carry the shopping upstairs, please?
Instructيأمر The policeman instructed people not to drive so fast.
Inviteيدعو We invited our neighbours to have tea with us.
Orderيأمر The officer ordered the soldiers to attack.
Persuadeيقنع I persuaded him to lend me the money.
Promiseيوعد I promised them to do the job well.
Teachيعلم My mother taught me to write carefully.
Tellيخبر I told him to leave at once.
Wantيريد من I want you to sign this cheque.
Warnيحذر Parents warn their children not to run across busy roads.
لاحظ ضمائر المفعول
فاعل مفعول فاعل مفعول
I me We us
He him They them
Ex: The teacher told us to do Exercise A.
I invited him to have dinner with me.
يأتى بعد suggest فعل ينتهى بـ ing أو that وبعدها فاعل ثم inf. أو should + inf.
Ex: He suggested going for a drink.
He suggested that we go for a drink.
He suggested that we should go for a drink.
الأفعال الآتية يـأتـي بعـــدها فعل ينتهى بـ ing في حالة عدم وجود مفعول ، أما فى حالة وجود مفعول يأتي بعدها to + inf.:
advise ينصح forbid يمنع permit يسمح
allow يسمح recommend يوصي بـ encourage يشجع
Ex: They do not allow parking here.
They do not allow anyone to park here.
لاحظ أن الفعل make يليه مفعول ثم الفعل فى المصدر أما اذا جاء فى صيغة المبنى للمجهول نضع to قبل المصدر
Ex: The teacher made us do Exercise 2 at home.
We were made to do Exercise 2 at home.
اذا جاء الفعل forget فى صيغة الأمر نستخدم بعده to + infinitive
Ex: Don’t forget to bring your camera tomorrow.
Choose the correct answer:
1- Marta didn't feel too good but we persuaded her (come-coming-came-to come) to the party.
2- I warned (he-his-him-himself) not to drive too quickly because of the bad weather.
3- He's teaching his son (riding-to ride-ride-ridden) a horse.
4- Mona's mother asked her daughter (help-helping-helped-to help) her prepare dinner for the family.
5- They are never late, so I expect them (to arrive-arriving-arrive-arrived) in a few minutes.
6- Our friends invited us (having-to have-to having-had) tea with them.
7- My father has advised me (be-being-to be-been) careful with my money.
8- The teacher (warned-hoped-wondered-opposed) the students not to talk during the test.
9- The officer ordered the soldiers (attack-attacking-attacked-to attack) the enemy.
10- Don't forget (send-sending-to send-sent) me a postcard when you are on holiday.
11- They do not allow (smoke-to smoke-smoking-smoked) inside the building.
12- If you like, I can teach you (play-playing-to play-played) tennis at the weekend.
13- Ali's father warned him (not to spend-not spending-not spent-not to be spent) too much money.
14- The police instructed people (leave-left-leaving-to leave) the buildings.
15- We were encouraged (learning-to learn-learn-of learning) foreign languages at school.
16- She's training hard (won-winning-to win-of winning) the race.
17- Leila asked Mona whether she could help her (do-to doing-done-to be done) the shopping.
18- I recommend (to write-writing-written-write) your feelings down on paper.
19- His mother (discouraged-disobeyed-dissatisfied-encouraged) him to be a civil engineer.
20- He wanted the money (for paying-to pay-pay-paying) for his son's education.
Find the mistake in each of the following sentences then write them correctly:
1- Nobody wanted we to go to the conference but our boss forced
2- My boss told me do the reports before Friday.
3- Salem encouraged his brother working harder.
4- When I was younger, I always wanted my mother read me stories.
5- Her parents wanted her gone to a good university.
6- I'd encourage everyone to working for a charity.
7- When I was younger, my father often warned me not to waste time.
8- This year, I'm expecting passing all my exams.
9- He suggested that she applies for the job.
10- He told me phoned him the next day.
Test (Unit 17 & Chapter 10)
A- Language Functions
1- Respond to the following situations:
5- You want to persuade your friend to read "The Grapes of Wrath" by Steinbeck.
6- You do not understand what distance learning is. You ask a friend.
7- Your brother looks worried. You want to know if he has a problem.
8- A friend asks you what you think about Steinbeck's "The Pearl".
2- Mention the place, the speakers and the language function in each of the following two mini-dialogues:
1- A: Can I help you, sir? Place:
B: Yes, please. I’d like to have a passport made. Speaker A:
A: Fill in this form and bring three recent photos. Speaker B:
B: All right. Function:
2- A: I’d like two kilos of meat, please. Place:
B: Here you are. Speaker A:
A: Anything else? Speaker B:
B: No, thank you. Function:
B- Vocabulary and Structure
3- Choose the correct answer:
1- There are many singers who aren’t well known but who have more talent than …………………… do.
a) force b) publicity c) celebrities d) drums
2- The thieves found a small …………… in the forest where they could hide their stolen goods.
a) pearl b) correspondent c) cave d) merchant
3- Jealousy and ¬¬¬¬¬……………… make us want more money or power than we need.
a) pearls b) greed c) publicity d) caves
4- When Salwa turned 16, her grandmother gave her a string of ……………….. .
a) pearls b) correspondent c) publicity d) concerns
5- Hany doesn’t like loud noises since he became a war ………………… for the news.
a) celebrity b) correspondent c) publicity d) force
6- Don’t ……………… things when they can be recycled.
a) force b) achieve c) organise d) throw away
7- A …………………… poison may not kill you, but it could make you sick.
a) cave’s b) scorpion’s c) diver’s d) correspondent’s
8- Grandma saves everything because she lived through the Great ………………. She knows what it is like to be poor.
a) Cause b) Celebrity c) Civil Servant d) Depression
9- Our parents encouraged us ……………… hard at everything we do.
a) worked b) to work c) working d) works
10- He suggested ……………… closer to the beach.
a) to swim b) had swum c) swimming d) swam
11- The lifeguard instructed people not …………….. near the rocks.
a) to swim b) having swum c) swimming d) swam
12- Rehan asked …………… to have dessert at her house.
a) me b) myself c) I d) mine
13- Mother ……………… the children to brush their teeth before bed.
a) telling b) said to c) said d) told
14- I expect ……………… to come to dinner.
a) she b) they c) him d) we
15- Before they travelled, the headmaster told the students ……………… their bags in the airport.
a) watch b) to watch c) watching d) watched
16- How much are we expected ………….. out of the garden for the new trees?
a) to dig b) dig c) digging d) dug
4- Find the mistake in each of the following sentences then write them correctly:
1- That was the most depression film I have ever seen.
2- Gamal is so greed. He never wants to share his sweets with his friends.
3- The speaker gave such a force argument that many people changed their minds.
4- She asked us to not climb over her fence.
5- The neighbour sternly warned the children not to waking up her baby.
6- Every year my husband and I invite my students having dinner with us.
C- Reading Comprehension
5- Read the passage then answer the questions:
Television has been changing the way people live for thirty years. It influences nearly every aspect of modern life. Children are greatly affected by television because their minds are growing, developing and learning much faster than those of adults.
Social scientists, teachers and parents are troubled by the kind of television programmes children choose to watch. They are worried about the effects of televised violence on society as well as commercials for sugar-rich food. According to several studies, televised violence may cause children to become more aggressive. Also, because so much violence is seen by children on television, they become more used to it as the only solution to difficult situations. Exposing children to advertisements about products containing a lot of sugar has a bad effect on their health. These food products have a negative influence on their teeth and on proper nutrition.
Most importantly, however, the experts feel television is one factor which causes a drop in math and reading marks among schoolchildren.