Respond to the following situations:
1- An old man can't cross the road alone. You are willing to help her. What do you say?
2- Your friend doesn't want to go to the club alone. You offer to go with him.
3- Your offer to phone your friend’s parents and tell them he is going to be late.
4- Your friend needs to carry some things to the car. You offer to help him.
Choose the correct answer:
1- Famous artists sometimes had (accountants-assistants-applicants-ancestors) to help them.
2- Shakespeare is one of the world's most famous (playwrights-novelists-players-playmates).
3- My uncle works, as a maths (adventurer-politician-guide-lecturer) at the university in Alexandria.
4- I really (disagree-argue-can’t stand-object) to people using mobile phones in the library.
5- After five years' (imprisonment-environment-instrument-involvement), the criminal wanted to live as an honest man.
6- I'm very interested in the past. That's why I like (geographical-historical-archaeological-physical) novels.
7- Accountants help people with their (fiancées-fireplaces-fences-finances).
8- Some of Edmond's friends (accused-released-recognised-changed) him of something he had not done.
9- They were (concerned-envious-victimized-cold) of him because he was happy and successful.
10- Edmond was planning to get married to his (fiancée-colleague-victim-genius).
11- After he was arrested, Edmond was sent to prison (with-in-for-of) life.
12- Edmond escaped (at-into-about-from) prison and found Faria’s hidden treasure.
13- Edmond objected (in-to-with-from) his friends' accusations.
14- Edmond (blamed-appointed-rescued-asked) Valentine from her cruel family.
15- I studied modern European (history-historian-historic-historical) at college.
16- He works as a (natural-money-financial-normal) adviser to the prime minister.
17- She travelled widely in North America, (picturing-assuring-measuring-lecturing) on women's rights.
18- The army arrived to (consist-arrest-assist-insist) in the search.
19- Her (injection-function-objection-instruction) to the plan is based on incorrect facts.
20- The crime of being disloyal to your country is called (greed-treason-revenge-fiancée).
21- Something you do to punish someone who has harmed you is called (change-exchange-challenge-revenge).
22- To (recognize-memorize-authorize-theorize) means to know someone because you have seen them before.
23- Wishing you had something that someone else has means that you are (previous-impervious-envious-oblivious).
24- You shouldn't leave a child (only-alone-lonely-loneliness) in the house.
25- She (signed-designed-resigned-tired) from the government last week and she's going to set up her own business.
26- He was being very careful (of-at-in-with) the coffee so as not to spill it.
27- He strongly (disagrees-argues-can’t stand-objects) to the terms of the contract.
28- If she is guilty, she will be (imagined-imitated-improved-imprisoned) for at least six years.
29- I really (envy-deny-sky-convey) you. You have so much money.
30- The man managed to escape (of-in-from-with) prison.
31- Someone who has been hurt by someone or something is a/an (accused-judge-victim-prey).
32- Do we put people in prison because we want (revenge-envy-victim-fiancée) or because we hope to reform them?
33- The newspaper has a photo of a man with amnesia after a car accident. The police are asking if anyone (accuses-objects-revenges-recognises) him.
34- I (accuse-release-avoid-object)! This plan cannot go forward as it is.
35- After the earthquake, the village was not (recognizable-advisable-achievable-countable).
36- They lost the case because there was not enough evidence to support their (accusation-accuse-accuser-accused).
37- You are not (recognizable-advisable-achievable-countable) at all in that disguise. No one will know who you are.
38- That was the most boring (picture-lecture-culture-agriculture) I have ever attended at university.
39- After many years, Edmond (killed-regretted-adventured-revenged) himself on the men who had falsely accused him of treason.
40- Leila's (fiancé-fiancée-finance-victim) is going to Canada to study for his doctorate. She will marry him and join him there.
41- The students (disagrees-argues-can’t stand-objects) to the plan to extend school hours until 4 pm.
42- Overspending was at the root of Mr Ahmed’s (economical-financial-historical-political) problems.
43- After the death of her parents she was brought (down-up-in-about) by her grandmother.
44- To (cause-cease-accuse-compose) means to say someone had done something wrong or illegal.
45- My little brother looked with (hate-envy-convey-lovely) at my new computer game.
46- When his grandfather was a boy, he worked as a (arrogant – brilliant – giant - servant) for a rich man.
47- After the earthquake, the village was not (recognizable-advisable-achievable-countable).
48- Some of his (adventurers-admirers-accusers-astronomers) were his best friends. That's why he was so disappointed.
49- She is so clever that she is in the (bearable-believable-curable-enviable) situation of being able to choose her university.
50- He looked at the old man with no sign of (addition-adoption-recognition-ambition).
Find the mistake in each of the following sentences then write them correctly:
1- A Tale of Two Cities is a history novel set in the time of the French Revolution.
2- The scientist said she needed an assist to help her with her experiment.
3- His imprison was on an island in the middle of a river.
4- The children had an argue about who had won the race.
5- When his grandfather was a boy, he worked as a server for a rich man.
6- Staying late at school was his punish for talking in class.
7- She refused to answer questions about her personal fences.
8- Some of his accusations were his best friends. That's why he was so disappointed.
9- She is so clever that she is in the envy situation of being able to choose her university.
10- He looked at the old man with no sign of recognizing.
11- The accusation with Edmond was false.
12- He has just finished reading a historian novel.
13- They caused him without any proof.
14- He took range on his employers by setting fire to the factory.
15- He was convicted of high season and sentenced to death.
16- Heart attack victors stand a better chance if they are treated immediately.
17- She helped me with my facial problems. She lent me a lot of money.
18- He has an excusable reputation as a heart surgeon. All his colleagues envy him.
Translate into Arabic:
1- To be a friend and to have friends is one of the noblest goals for which we can aim. Friendship means understanding and being understood. Friendship means forgiving and being forgiven.
2- To be interested in something is a golden rule in life. If a person is always chained to his office, he will grow physically and mentally weak. If such a person has a hobby, his daily work will no longer be tiring.
Translate into English:
1- تشجع الحكومة الصناعات المحلية حتى نستغني عن كثير من الواردات التى تحتاج إلى الكثير من العملة الصعبة.
2- إن القراءة هـى مفتاح المعرفة والعمل الجاد هـو الطريق إلى السعادة.
Past Perfect Tense زمن الماضى التام
يتكون الماضى التام من had + p.p..
- We washed the dishes after we had eaten supper.
يستخدم الماضى التام ليصف حدث وقع قبل حدث آخر فى الماضى.
- When I met Ali yesterday, I remembered that we had met before, about ten years ago.
- When I got home, my wife had cooked the dinner.
- I hadn’t flown before, so I was nervous about getting on the plane.
يستخدم الماضى التام فى الكلام غير المباشر لنقل أشياء حدثت بالفعل عندما كنت تتحدث عنها.
- I told him that I had weighed the soil.
- She said she had heard it all before.
يستخدم الماضى التام مع الكلمات الآتية:
after بعد / as soon as بمجرد أن / whenعندما / till حتى/ until حتى
before قبل / by the timeقبل / no sooner….than لم يكد... ... حتى
hardly (scarcely)……whenحتى …… لم يكد
After + subject فاعل + + past perfect ماضى تام + past simple ماضى بسيط
After + v. + ing + past simple ماضى بسيط
Having + p.p. + past simple ماضى بسيط
Ex: After he had done his homework, he watched television.
After doing his homework, he watched television.
Having done his homework, he watched television.
Before + subject فاعل + past simple ماضى بسيط + past perfect ماضى تام
Before + v. + ing + past perfect ماضى تام
Ex: Before he parked his, he had found a place.
Before parking his car, he had found a place.
By the time + subject فاعل + past simple ماضى بسيط + past perfect ماضى تام
Ex: By the time the police arrived the thief had escaped.
As soon as + subject فاعل + past perfect ماضى تام + past simple ماضى بسيط
Ex: He parked his car as soon as he had found a place.
When + subject فاعل + + past perfect ماضى تام + past simple ماضى بسيط
When + subject فاعل + past simple ماضى بسيط + past perfect ماضى تام
It was only when + فاعل + past perfect ماضى تام + that + past simpleماضى بسيط
Ex: When he had read the novel, he watched TV.
When he watched TV, he had read the novel.
It was only when he had read the novel that he watched TV.
لاحظ الفرق فى المعنى بين هاتين الجملتين:
When I arrived at the station, the train left.
= I arrived, then the train left.
When I arrived at the station, the train had left.
= The train left before I arrived.
Past simple (negative) ماضى بسيط منفى + till / until + past perfect ماضى تام
Not until + past perfectماضى تام + did + فاعل + مصدر + ………….
It wasn't until + past perfect ماضى تام + that + ماضى بسيط
Ex: He didn’t park his car until he had found a place.
Not until he had found a place did he park his car.
It wasn't until he had found a place that he parked his car.